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企鹅专家简介油脂浸出车间需要的技能与参数

2020-03-27 09:23 次浏览 分类: 新闻动态

 油脂浸出设备;  企鹅专家简介油脂浸出车间需要的技能与参数
  The skills and parameters of the oil extraction workshop in the oil extraction workshop
  (1)技能参数:
  (1) skill parameters:
  ①进浸出器料胚质量 直接浸出技能,料胚厚度为0.3毫米以下,水分10%以下;预榨浸出技能,饼块大对角线不逾越15毫米,粉末度(30目以下)5%以下,水分5%以下。
  In the leaching process, the quality of the embryo is directly leached, the thickness of the material is 0.3 mm, the moisture content is below 10%, the pre pressing and extraction techniques, the maximum diagonal of the cake block is not exceeding 15 mm, and the powder (30 mesh) is below 5%.
  ②料胚在平转浸出器中浸出,其转速不大于100转/分钟;在环型浸出器中浸出,其链速不小于0.3转/分钟。
  II blank in flat turn leacher leaching, the speed is not more than 100 rpm; leaching in the circular extractor, the chain speed of not less than 0.3 revolutions per minute.
  ③浸出温度50~55℃。
  Leaching temperature 50 ~ 55.
  ④混合油浓度 入浸料胚含油18%以上者,混合油浓度不小于20%;入浸料胚含油大于10%者,混合油浓度不小于15%;入浸料胚含油在大于5%、小于10%者,混合油浓度不小于10%。
  4 mixed oil concentration in leaching material embryo oil 18% or more and the concentration of mixed oil not less than 20%; in leaching material embryo oil is more than 10% who, mixed oil concentration is not less than 15%; immersing into blank oil in more than 5%, less than 10% who, mixed oil concentration is not less than 10%.
  ⑤粕在蒸脱层的逗留时间,高温粕不小于30分钟;蒸脱机气相温度为74-80℃;蒸脱机粕出口温度,高温粕不小于105℃,低温粕不大于80℃。带冷却层的蒸脱机(DTDC)粕出口温度不逾越环境温度10℃。
  The meal in the steaming off layer sojourn time, high temperature meal not less than 30 minutes; desolventizer toaster gas phase temperature 74-80 DEG C; desolventizer toaster meal outlet temperature, hot meal is not less than 105 DEG C, meal low temperature not more than 80 DEG C. The outlet temperature of the cooling layer (DTDC) is not exceed the ambient temperature at 10.
  ⑥混合油蒸发系统 汽提塔出口毛油含总挥发物0.2%以下,温度105℃。
  The mixed oil stripper export crude oil evaporation system containing total volatiles below 0.2%, temperature 105.
  ⑦溶剂回收系统 冷凝器冷却水进口水温30℃以下,出口温度45℃以下。凝集液温度40℃以下。
  The solvent recovery system of condenser cooling water inlet temperature of 30 DEG C, the outlet temperature of 45 DEG C. The condensation temperature of liquid was below 40.
  (2)产品质量:
  (2) product quality:
  ①毛油总挥发物0.2%以下。②粕残油率1%以下(粉状料2%以下),水分12%以下,引爆实验合格。
  Total volatile oil of hair oil is below 0.2%. The rate of residual oil in the oil is below 1% (2% below), the moisture content is below 12%, and the detonation experiment is qualified.
  ③通常恳求毛油抵达如下标准:色泽、气味、滋味正常;水分及挥发物0.5%;杂质0.5%;酸价参看材料质量标准,不高于规则恳求。
  3 usually begged crude oil arrived in the standard as follows: color, smell, taste normal; 0.5% moisture and volatile matter; 0.5% of impurities; acid value is referred to the criteria of the quality of materials, not more than rules begged.
  ④预榨饼质量,在预榨机出口处查验,恳求:饼厚度12毫米;饼水分6%;饼残油;13%,但根据浸出技能需求,可提高到18%。
  4 pre pressing cake quality, inspection at the outlet of the pre press machine, pleading, the cake thickness of 12 mm; cake moisture 6%; cake oil residue; 13%, but according to the leaching skill requirements, increased to 18%.
  (3)有关设备核算选用的参数:料胚密度(γ)400~45O千克/米3 ;饼块密度(γ) 560~620千克/米3;层式蒸炒锅总传热系数K=628千焦/(米2•时•℃);
  (3) account for equipment selection of parameters: material embryo density (gamma) 400 ~ 45o kg / M 3; cake bulk density (gamma) 560 to 620 kg / 3 meters; layer type steaming wok overall heat transfer coefficient K=628 kJ / M 2 - when - C);
  入浸出器料胚的容重,大豆粕按360千克/米3,预榨饼按600千克/米3,浸出时间90分钟。
  The bulk density of the embryo of the leaching unit, the soybean meal was 360 kg / M 3, the pre pressing cake was 600 kg / M 3, the leaching time was 90 minutes.
  有关列管式传热设备的总传热系数,常压蒸发应不低于下列数据:一蒸发器总传热系数1170千焦/(米2•时•℃);二蒸发器总传热系数420千焦/(米2•时•t);溶剂冷凝器的总传热系数754千焦/(米2•时•℃);溶剂加热器的总传热系数420千焦/(米2•时•℃)
  The total heat transfer coefficient of relevant equipment for shell and tube heat transfer, atmospheric evaporation should be not less than the following data: the overall heat transfer coefficient of the first evaporator 1170 kJ / (M 2 - - C); the overall heat transfer coefficient of the second evaporator 420 kJ / (2 m - - t); the total heat transfer coefficient of solvent condenser 754 kJ / (M 2 - when - C); the total heat transfer coefficient of solvent heater 420 kJ / (M 2 - - C)
  设备安置应紧凑,在充沛考虑操作修补的空间后,可考虑车间首要通道为1.2米,两设备出色有些距离如需操作人员通过则为0.8米,如不考虑操作人员通过可为0.4米。
  Equipment placement should be compact, in full consideration of the space after the operation of the operation, can consider the workshop the first channel is 1.2 meters, two of the equipment is excellent, some distance such as the need to operate the staff through the 0.8 meters, if not considered by the operator can be 0.4 meters.
  靠墙面无人路过的贮槽与墙距离为0.2米。如有管路通过,上述标准需求考虑管子及保温层所占空间。车间内禁绝设地坑、管沟避免溶剂蒸气堆集。
  By the wall of the wall and the wall is no passing distance of 0.2 meters. If there is a line through, the above standard needs to consider the space of the pipe and insulation layer. In the workshop, a ban pit trench to avoid solvent vapor accumulation.
  (4)消耗方针:蒸汽消耗量500(350)千克/吨料;电消耗量15千瓦•时/吨料;冷却水量20(30)吨/吨料;溶剂消耗量<5千克/吨料
  (4) consumption of 500 (350) kg / ton of steam consumption, 15 kwh of electricity consumption, 20 (30) tons / ton of cooling water, and the solvent consumption of <5 kg / ton
  留心:蒸汽消耗量中,括号内数字为负压蒸发技能消耗数。
  Pay attention: the amount of steam consumption, the number of brackets in the negative pressure evaporation skills.
  (5)管路系统规划 对每条管线进行管径核算,一同按输送的材料选择所需管的类型质料。每条管线应进行编号,并编制管路、阀门、疏水器、外表明细表。
  (5) pipeline system planning for each pipeline to carry out the pipe diameter calculation, together with the transport of materials to choose the type of material required. Each line should be numbered, and the preparation of pipelines, valves, traps, the appearance of the table.
  浸出车间管径核算,可选用流速数据如下:主蒸气管25米/秒,支蒸气管20米/秒,水管1.5米/秒,混合油溶剂管1.0米/秒。
  The calculation of the pipe diameter of the leaching plant can be used to select the flow rate data as follows: the main steam pipe is 25 m / s, the steam pipe is 20 m / s, the water pipe is 1.5 m / s and the mixed oil solvent is 1 m / sec.
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